Rat apprenant à piloter une voiture, cape d'invisibilité bluffante, et 15 autres news du futur résumées pour vous !

Bonjour à vous,

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Je m'appelle Thomas, plus d'infos sur moi en bas d'email.

Voici donc ma veille de la semaine passée :)

L'apéro

  • Intéressant : un des plus vieux papiers scientifiques à faire le lien entre CO2 dans l'atmosphère et réchauffement climatique (si ce n'est le plus vieux) a été publié en 1856 par Eunice Newton Foot. Parce que c'était une femme, elle n'eut pas le droit de lire son papier lors de la réunion de l'American Association for the Advancement of Science.

  • Les 10 plus grosses villes en 2035 en fonction du PIB, de la population, et de la croissance. Pour le PIB en 2035, estimations : 1. New York $2.5T (trillion = 1000 milliards) -- 2. Tokyo $1.9T -- 3. Los Angeles $1.5T -- 4. London $1.3T -- 5. Shanghai $1.3T -- 6. Pékin $1.1T -- 7. Paris $1.1T -- 8. Chicago $1T -- 9. Guangzhou (aussi appelé Canton) $0.9T -- 10. Shenzhen  $0.9T

  • La NASA planche avec Caterpillar sur des engins permettant de miner les ressources de la lune

  • Intéressant : répartition des revenus des GAFA par service

  • Record battu: 19 heures et 16 minutes, le vol sans escale le plus long, Qantas, New-York - Sydney, 16 200 km.

    • à noter que SpaceX entend toujours offrir d’ici 2025 ce qu'ils appellent "point-to-point transportation" sur Terre grâce à leur fusée Starship : deux points aux antipodes sur Terre seraient à une heure de vol max !

    • La COO Gwynne Shotwellla semaine dernière : "Point-to-point "is a derivative industry for us. It will be cheaper than a current first class ticket, but a little more than economy."

    • ...avec en plus un petit moment en apesanteur en bonus, not bad..?

    • Beaucoup de spécialistes sont sceptiques, et tout le monde ne pourra pas embarquer la fusée du fait de l'accéleration à subir (notamment personnes âgées, femmes enceintes, etc.) mais l'aplomb non seulement d'Elon Musk mais aussi de sa très sérieuse COO Gwynne Shotwell doit nous faire prendre l'annonce, réitérée des derniers jours, au sérieux.

  • Cette entreprise canadienne a breuveté une "cape d'invisibilité" impressionnante

    • Voir la vidéo d'une minute

    • the company has patented a new “Quantum Stealth” material that disguises a military’s soldiers — or even its tanks, aircraft, and ships — by making anything behind it seem invisible.

    • the material, which doesn’t require a power source and is both paper-thin and inexpensive — all traits that could make it appealing for use on the battlefield.

    • According to a press release, it works by bending the light around a target to make it seemingly disappear.

    • In one segment, Hyperstealth shows how it can hide a scaled-down version of a tank by placing a sheet of the material above it. In another, it renders a small jet invisible by placing it behind the “Quantum Stealth” material.

  • Vous avez entendu parler des Robbers Barons aux USA de la fin du XIXème - début XXème ?

    • On dit aussi que les politiques initiées par Theodore Roosevelt, grand président américain de 1901 à 1909, avaient mis fin à leur emprise monopolistique sur la nouvelle économie de l'époque

    • Contre-intuitif : cela n'avait pas forcément nui à leur richesse : "In 1911 the Supreme Court had ruled John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil to be broken up into 34 smaller firms. Within a few years the value of those firms rose threefold. The net worth of Rockefeller, who owned more than 25% of each, grew from about $300m in 1911 to $900m in 1913, around $23bn in current dollars."

Au menu dans l'ordre

Résumées plus bas à même cet email, les 10 news suivantes :

  • Des scientifiques apprennent à des rats à piloter une petite voiture!

  • Face à une chaleur intenable, le Qatar se met à climatiser l'extérieur!!

  • Le Programme Alimentaire Mondial de l'ONU compte s'appuyer sur les startups pour mettre fin à la faim d'ici à 2030

  • Comment l'impression 3D, les fermes verticales et les progrès en science des matériaux font baisser les prix et augmenter la qualité dans le secteur de l'alimentation

  • Comment une chaîne de restaurants aux USA expérimente avec l'IA pour suivre en temps réel l'activité des serveurs

  • Les exploits du "blob", cet organisme unicellulaire sans cerveau qui peut apprendre, nous amène à nous interroger sur ce qu'est l'intelligence

  • L'arnaque : les objectifs d'émission zéro annoncés par les pays avancés n'incluent pas la pollution générée lors de la production des produits importés (The Economist)

  • Roblox : la plateforme de jeux vidéo qui transforme les enfants en entrepreneurs

  • Tesla rentable au 3ème trimestre, vient d'achever la construction d'une usine en Chine en un temps record, et annonce l'option "full self-drive" disponible avant la fin de l'année (Wired)

  • Certains scientifiques inquiets que du tissu cérébral humain cultivé en laboratoire puisse devenir conscient et souffrir

Pour les 3 news suivantes, retrouvez les résumés sur ParlonsFutur.com en cliquant ici

À table !

Des scientifiques apprennent à des rats à piloter une petite voiture!

  • Rats have mastered the art of driving a tiny car, suggesting that their brains are more flexible than we thought

  • They learned to navigate the car in unique ways and engaged in steering patterns they had never used to eventually arrive at the reward,”

  • Learning to drive seemed to relax the rats. The finding could be used to understand how learning new skills relieves stress and how neurological and psychiatric conditions affect mental capabilities.

  • Une autre expérience avait montré qu'un rat affamé préfère, à choisir, renoncer à de la nourriture pour faire cesser les chocs électriques donnés à un de ses congénères !

  • On sous-estime largement l'intelligence des animaux, j'avais sur ce sujet écrit cet article : Intelligence animale : vous ne regarderez plus jamais les corbeaux comme avant

  • On sous-estime aussi à quel point notre cerveau est plastique et peut s'adapter à de nouvelles capacités. Une expérience avait ainsi montré qu'un singe pouvait contrôler un 3ème bras robot (en plus de ses 2 bras biologiques) avec grande aisance. Certains humains dotés de mains à 6 doigts parviennent à les utiliser avec efficacité.


Face à une chaleur intenable, le Qatar se met à climatiser l'extérieur!!

  • The danger is acute in Qatar because of the Persian Gulf humidity. The human body cools off when its sweat (sueur) evaporates. But when humidity is very high, evaporation of our sweat slows or stops. “If it’s hot and humid and the relative humidity is close to 100 percent, you can die from the heat you produce yourself

  • Workers are particularly at risk. A German television report alleged hundreds of deaths among foreign workers in Qatar in recent years, prompting new limits on outdoor work. A July article in the journal Cardiology said that 200 of 571 fatal cardiac problems among Nepalese migrants working there were caused by “severe heat stress” and could have been avoided.

  • Qatar already has the distinction of being the largest per-capita emitter of greenhouse gases, according to the World Bank — nearly 3 times as much as the United States and almost 6 times as much as China.

  • Qatar emits a lot of greenhouse gases. About 60% of the country’s electricity is used for cooling. By contrast, air conditioning accounts for barely 15% of U.S. electricity demand and less than 10% of China’s or India’s.

  • While native Qataris number roughly 300,000, the number of foreign workers in Qatar has grown by a million just in the last decade, pushing the population to 2.7 million.

  • Late last year, the government announced that the World Cup would be carbon neutral.

  • Qatar’s government says the carbon emissions will be smaller than those at other World Cup venues where stadiums were far apart or even spread across different countries.


Le Programme Alimentaire Mondial de l'ONU compte s'appuyer sur les startups pour mettre fin à la faim d'ici à 2030

  • Borne out of a student project at MIT, the Fenik Yuma 60L cooler keeps fruits, vegetables, beverages and dairy products cold without electricity. The Yuma uses evaporative cooling, a process that requires water but no electricity, to extend the shelf life of food by 3 to 5 times, according to the company.

  • Fenik has raised more than $80,000 for the project on Kickstarter. The cooler retails for $150 in developed countries, and Fenik uses some of the proceeds to subsidize the price for disadvantaged customers in Morocco, where it has piloted the technology.

  • Another company, H2Grow, has developed a hydroponic (dont les racines baignent dans une solution, et ne sont pas sans un sol) platform for growing food in "impossible places," such as Algeria and Chad. It requires no soil and uses 75% less space and 90% less water than a traditional farming plot its size. For an initial investment of $100, it can produce enough fresh barley to feed 10 goats per day. Without it, the goats would eat garbage, passing on toxins and other potentially harmful substances to the people who drink their milk and eat their meat.


Comment l'impression 3D, les fermes verticales et les progrès en science des matériaux font baisser les prix et augmenter la qualité dans le secteur de l'alimentation

  • Relying on hydroponics and aeroponics, vertical farms allows us to grow crops with 90% less water than traditional agriculture—which is critical for our increasingly thirsty planet.

  • Currently, the largest player around is Bay Area-based Plenty Inc. With over $200 million in funding from Softbank, Plenty is taking a smart tech approach to indoor agriculture. Plants grow on 6-meter-high towers, monitored by tens of thousands of cameras and sensors, optimized by big data and machine learning.

    • This allows the company to pack 40 plants in the space previously occupied by 1 plant.

    • The process also produces yields 350 times greater than outdoor farmland, using less than 1% as much water.

    • And rather than bespoke veggies for the wealthy few, Plenty’s processes allow them to knock 20-35% off the costs of traditional grocery stores. To date, Plenty has their home base in South San Francisco, a 9300m2 farm in Kent, Washington, an indoor farm in the United Arab Emirates, and recently started construction on over 300 farms in China.

  • Another major player is New Jersey-based Aerofarms, which can now grow 900 tons of leafy greens without sunlight or soil.

    • To do this, Aerofarms leverages AI-controlled LEDs to provide optimized wavelengths of light for each plant. Using aeroponics, the company delivers nutrients by misting (vaporiser) them directly onto the plants’ roots—no soil required. Rather, plants are suspended in a growth mesh fabric made from recycled water bottles (mesh : filet, grille). And here too, sensors, cameras, and machine learning govern the entire process.

  • While 50-80% of the cost of vertical farming is human labor, autonomous robotics promises to solve that problem. Enter contenders like Iron Ox, a firm that has developed the Angus robot, capable of moving around plant-growing containers

  • voir aussi : Sundrop Farms in Australia deliver more than 15,000 tons of tomatoes a year in desert conditions (=  15% of the Australian tomato market)

    • Sundrop's tomato plants are grown hydroponically, free of soil, in a watery solution fed by nutrient-rich coconut husks (coque).

    • "Intake water is pumped from the sea, using sustainable electricity produced by our concentrated solar plant, to our desalination unit,"

    • The solar plant, which flanks the eight-hectare building, is made of 23,000 mirrors reflecting the Sun's heat on to a solar tower. This transforms 1,000,000 litres of seawater each day into fresh water. It also drives a turbine to generate electricity. Additional water is also taken from the roof of the greenhouse.

    • As seawater is a natural disinfectant, the farm can operate pesticide-free.

    • The high-saline water left over from desalination is carried back to the sea. "Gravity is used to return water along the same course, in a larger pipe, where it is discharged into the sea only when salinity levels have returned to normal."

    • Sundrop's plant cost 125 million € to build

    • In 2016, Sundrop expanded to Portugal and Tennessee in the US


Comment une chaîne de restaurants aux USA expérimente avec l'IA pour suivre en temps réel l'activité des serveurs

  • The system uses machine learning to analyze footage of restaurant staff at work and interacting with guests. It aims to track metrics like how often a server tends to their tables or how long it takes for food to come out. At the end of a shift, managers receive an email of the compiled statistics, which they can then use to identify problems and infer whether servers, hostesses, and kitchen staff are adequately doing their jobs.

  • It will monitor factors like how crowded the lobby is and how many customers decide to leave rather than wait for a table. Suri says Presto Vision could be used not only to evaluate employee performance after the fact, but also course-correct in the moment. For instance, managers could be sent text messages when the number of people waiting for a table reaches a certain threshold.

  • The software has the potential to detect things like when a guest’s drink is almost empty, he says as an example, and prompt servers to offer them a refill.

  • But even without those fancy features, Presto Vision is likely already capable of producing lucrative data for the restaurant industry. That information could be used not only to boost sales, but also make life harder for workers.

  • if the software finds that servers at a given restaurant have enough time to visit their tables often, higher-ups may decide to cut the number who work during certain shifts, to try to cut labor costs. "This [technology] may sort of automate the discretionary power of restaurant management to make decisions,"

  • Dominos, for example, recently began rolling out its “DOM Pizza Checker” at stores in Australia and New Zealand, which monitors workers as they assemble pies via an AI-equipped overhead camera. If the device detects a poorly made pizza, it alerts workers that it should be remade.


Les exploits du "blob", cet organisme unicellulaire sans cerveau qui peut apprendre, nous amène à nous interroger sur ce qu'est l'intelligence

  • Le blob, de son vrai nom Physarum polycephalum, n'est ni un animal, ni une plante, ni un champignon, c'est une espèce à part vieille d'un milliard d'années

  • cet organisme n'a qu'une seule cellule mais peut être très étendu! Pouvant varier de 1 micromètre à 14 hectares, le record observé!

  • vitesse moyenne de déplacement d'1cm/h (4cm/h quand affamé..)

  • il ne craint ni l'eau, ni le feu, peut être découpé en morceaux, qui deviennent alors des clones indépendants

  • le blob, qui n'a pas de système nerveux ni neurones, peut apprendre, trouver la sortie d'un labyrinthe, retenir une information sur le long terme

  • si on fusionne 2 blobs, celui qui a appris va transmettre sa connaissance à l'autre (par exemple "éviter le sel")

  • Une étude démontre que le blob peut résoudre des problèmes complexes. Pour ce faire, les chercheurs ont déposé le blob sur une surface où sont dispersés des points de nourriture représentant les différentes villes de la région de Tokyo. Le blob a ainsi créé un réseau optimisé entre les sources de nourriture, en reliant de la manière la plus efficace les différentes stations.

  • Ainsi, si l'intelligence est la capacité à résoudre des problèmes (la définition la plus couramment utilisée en IA), le blob est clairement intelligent. L'intelligence est un continuum bien sûr, on l'est plus ou moins, et le plus simple des microbes procaryotes résout des problèmes à son niveau, mais tout de même ! Cela rappelle l'intelligence, cette fois-ci collective, des ruches, des fourmillière et autres termitières.

  • Depuis octobre 2019, cet organisme primitif est présenté au public au zoo du bois de Vincennes, c’est une une première dans le monde.

  • Voir la vidéo de présentation du Monde

  • Voir cet incroyable TED Talk en français de la spécialiste mondiale su sujet, la Française Audrey Dussutour


L'arnaque : les objectifs d'émission zéro annoncés par les pays avancés l'inclut pas la pollution générée lors de la production des produits importés (The Economist)

  • UK consumes about 40% more carbon emissions than it produces; the European Union as a whole, 19%. In America the difference comes in at 8%, according to the Global Carbon Project (GCP), a network of scientists.

  • As for big cities, the gap between the two gauges of their carbon trail is bigger still, at about 3/5, using the average figure for 79 cities reviewed by an international group of researchers. The problem even extends to individual buildings, which owners sometimes declare to be “carbon-neutral” while ignoring the concrete and steel used to build them.

  • None of the 19 countries in the Carbon Neutrality Coalition have net-zero targets that explicitly aim to reduce consumption

  • The gap between national consumption and production measures comes from the emissions that are embedded in cross-border trade. Such emissions make up 25% of the global total

  • Cutting trade-related emissions is a daunting task. Cross-border supply chains are often complex, and making goods closer to home may not actually improve matters. The problem can be split into three parts: what is imported, where it comes from and how it travels.

    • The imports that embed the highest carbon emissions are mostly industrial materials (iron, steel and chemicals) and consumer goods (cars, electronics and textiles). According to the Global Trade Analysis Project, a database maintained by Purdue University, these six products account for about 30% of trade-related emissions.

    • But the CO2 released by the same item produced in two different countries can differ hugely, depending on how energy-efficient production is and how the countries make their electricity

      • Purdue’s data show that cars and car parts exported by China are responsible for 9 times more CO2 per dollar than those exported by Germany.

      • half of the lifetime emissions from an electric vehicle come from making the battery. A medium-sized battery made in renewables-rich Sweden emits around 350kg of CO2. For coal-reliant Poland, that figure is over 8,000kg .

      • British tomatoes are grown in heated glasshouses and thus require 3 times more electricity than sun-blessed Spanish ones. Even accounting for transport, local tomatoes are responsible for more emissions.

      • a British apple bought in June has typically been in chilled storage for 9 months. Keeping it cool for that long emits about as much carbon as shipping an apple from New Zealand.

    • Modes of transport also matter.

      • Around 87% of the world’s freight, measured in tonne-kilometres (a tonne transported one kilometre), goes by sea.

      • Shipping accounts for about 2% of fossil-fuel emissions. But as a means of transport it is carbon-efficient.

      • Producing a tonne of steel in China takes about 2,000kg of CO2. Shipping that steel to New York adds only 322kg.

      • Planes account for just 0.1% of the world’s tonne-kilometres of international freight, but an outsize share of all emissions. According to figures from the British government, the carbon emissions caused by transporting a given weight by air are about 70 times greater than if it had been shipped. That means sectors reliant on timely delivery, such as fast fashion, are particularly environmentally unfriendly.

  • China produces lots of carbon-saving technology. It is home to 8 of the world’s ten biggest manufacturers of solar panels, and is pumping money into batteries and electric vehicles. An intensifying economic conflict between America and China could mean the flow of Chinese technology and know-how across borders dries up, hampering mitigation efforts elsewhere.

  • Good news : The EU is considering a “carbon border adjustment”—higher tariffs on goods from countries that do not meet the EU’s environmental standards.


Roblox : la plateforme de jeux vidéo qui transforme les enfants en entrepreneurs

  • ce jeu vidéo britannique sorti en 2006 est en train de se hisser au même niveau que le géant Minecraft en atteignant le chiffre historique de 100 millions d'utilisateurs actifs en août dernier

  • Roblox affiche des personnages semblables à des petits Lego dans des décors 3D plutôt sommaires, voire franchement moches

  • Concrètement Roblox propulse les joueurs dans un monde peu esthétique, mais dans le lequel ils peuvent créer d'autres jeux vidéo.

  • « il s’agit d’une plateforme gratuite qui s’inspire de Lego, des Sims et qui donne aux enfants un espace unique ou ils peuvent construire, programmer et distribuer leurs jeux à leurs amis. »

  • Plus de 56 millions de titres sont proposés en tout, même si la plupart d’entre eux sont des clones qui ne font que changer de texture. On y trouve des courses d’obstacle, de l’exploration de maisons hantées, des jeux de gestion comme les Sims, des chasses au trésor ou des aventures spatiales.

  • la plateforme est surtout axée sur la consommation de jeux pour enfants.

  • les créateurs sont légèrement plus âgés que la moyenne (au-dessus de 16 ans) et surtout beaucoup plus minoritaires. D’après l’entreprise, ils ne représenteraient que 2% des inscrits, soit 2 millions de personnes.

  • Pour chaque contenu mis en ligne, la plateforme verse une monnaie virtuelle appelée Robux, et à partir de 100 000 Robux, il est aussi possible d’échanger cette monnaie contre de vrais dollars (350 dollars, selon le cours actuel).

  • certains adolescents sont carrément devenus des game designers professionnels sur la plateforme. C’est notamment le cas de Joshua Wood un jeune développeur de 18 ans qui s’est inscrit sur Roblox en 2013. Depuis, il a créé son propre studio de jeu basé sur la plateforme et fait travailler entre 15 et 20 personnes.


Tesla rentable au 3ème trimestre, vient d'achever la construction d'une usine en Chine en un temps record, et annonce l'option "full self-drive" disponible avant la fin de l'année (de Wired)

  • CEO Elon Musk said the company was still on track to sell 360,000 vehicles by the end of the year

  • Tesla said it had constructed its Shanghai Gigafactory—which it says will ultimately crank out 150,000 cars a year—in 168 working days.

  • The carmaker’s “low-cost” Model 3 vehicles are already moving through Chinese assembly lines on a trial basis

  • Tesla hopes to produce 1,000 Model 3s a week from the factory by the end of the year.

  • Musk also confirmed media reports that a second building is under construction in the Shanghai complex to handle battery and module production.

  • Chinese car buyers shelled out for 1 million electric vehicles in 2018, and should buy 2 million next year, according to a report from Bloomberg New Energy Finance. Nearly 70 percent of China’s cars could be electric by 2040.

  • Tesla will be the first foreign company to take advantage of China’s new rule, which allows foreigners to produce vehicles in the country without a Chinese partner.

  • The company believes China will be its strongest Model 3 market.

  • The Model Y, currently under production in the company’s factory in Fremont, California, is ahead of schedule, the CEO said, and drivers should be able to get their hands on one starting summer 2020

  • He hyped what he’s now calling the “Cyber Truck,” Tesla’s electric pickup, calling it “our best product ever.” (The truck is slated for an unveiling event next month.)

  • And “while it’s going to be tight,” Musk added, he still expects Tesla’s “full self-drive” feature to be ready for early release later this year.

  • (Reminder: Tesla’s “Full Self-Driving” feature isn’t actually full self-driving, because it will still demand its drivers’ undivided attention. But Tesla has promised “FSD” will be able to recognize traffic lights and stop signs, and to pilot city streets.)

  • You won’t be able to sit behind the wheel of a Tesla without paying attention, Musk said, until next year.

  • Sur ce sujet, j'avais écrit cet article Comment Tesla pourrait devenir leader mondial de l'automobile en 10 an


Certains scientifiques inquiets que du tissu cérébral humain cultivé en laboratoire puisse devenir conscient et souffrir

  • Les scientifiques appellent ces échantillons de tissu cérébral des "mini brain organoids" :  simple balls of neurons (de la taille d'un pois) that simulate some characteristics of full brains but which barely scratch the surface of their capabilities.

  • While they don’t approach the complexity of a human brain, scientists have been able to make increasingly-complex mini brains for their work.

  • Many scientists believe that organoids have the potential to transform medicine by allowing them to probe the living brain like never before. But the work is controversial because it is unclear where it may cross the line into human experimentation.

  • Because of the manifest difficulties in studying live human brains, organoids are considered a landmark development. They have been used to investigate schizophrenia and autism, and why some babies develop small brains when they are infected with Zika virus in the womb

  • “We’re already seeing activity in organoids that is reminiscent of biological activity in developing animals,”

  • “If there’s even a possibility of the organoid being sentient, we could be crossing that line,” said Ohayon. “We don’t want people doing research where there is potential for something to suffer.”

  • in another experience, the organoids are giving off brain waves — complex patterns of neural activity — similar to those of premature babies. “There are some of my colleagues who say, ‘No, these things will never be conscious,'” Muotri told the NYT. “Now I’m not so sure.”

  • in yet another experiment, a team of Japanese researchers has developed a mini brain that shows not only the complex three-dimensional structure of the cerebral cortex, but also coordinated neural activity, according to Physics World

    • The mini brains were grown from cultured pluripotent stem cells – cells taken from an adult that can then become any type of cell. After growing a clump of the brain cells, the team separated them and placed them individually into a petri dish, where they automatically formed neural networks among themselves, according to research

    • “One of the most interesting properties of these organoids is that they actually recapitulate the developmental process of the cerebrum in their shape,” Kyoto University geneticist Hideya Sakaguchi told Physics World. “Their layered structure is very beautiful and looks just like actual brain tissue.”

  • researchers will tell the world’s largest annual meeting of neuroscientists that some scientists working on organoids are “perilously close” to crossing the ethical line, while others may already have done so by creating sentient lumps of brain in the lab.

  • In one recent study, researchers at Harvard showed that brain organoids develop a rich diversity of tissues, from cerebral cortex neurons to retinal cells. Organoids grown for eight months developed their own neuronal networks that sparked with activity and responded when light was shone on them

  • In another study led by Fred Gage at the Salk Institute in San Diego, researchers transplanted human brain organoids into mouse brains and found that they connected up to the animal’s blood supply and sprouted fresh connections.

  • Ohayon wants funding agencies to freeze all research that aims to put human brain organoids into animals, along with other work where there is an reasonable chance of organoids becoming sentient.


Pour les 3 autres news ci-dessous, retrouvez les résumés au format bullet point sur ParlonsFutur.com en cliquant ici


Dessert : voici quelques-uns de mes derniers tweets (retrouvez-moi sur Twitter ici) :

  • The ubiquity of washing machines, vacuum cleaners and microwave ovens means that the average US household does almost 30 hours less housework per week than in the 1930s

  • If we wanted to produce as much as Keynes’s countrymen did in the 1930s, we wouldn’t need everyone to work even 15 hours per week. If you adjust for increases in labor productivity, it could be done in seven or eight hours

  • Every one of 50 commodities important for human welfare—everything from sugar to salmon to iron ore to natural gas has become more affordable since 1980, even as global population has exploded, and most have become several times more affordable. (see “Simon Abundance Index”)

  • SpaceTech Asia is back! Our first comeback piece is a feature by Thomas Jestin, who explores in detail the Gateway Foundation's proposed Von Braun space station/hotel. Could we be dining in space within the next 10 years? #spacetourism Meet the Von Braun Station : the most advanced rotating space hotel design to date

  • Abraham Lincoln wrote that the patent system “added the fuel of interest to the fire of genius in the discovery and production of new and useful things.”

  • Combined wealth of Mark Zuckerberg, Jeff Bezos and Sergey Brin & Larry Page (Google) —> $322 billion ; Combined wealth of the bottom 50% of Americans —> $250 billion ; Welcome to the second Gilded Age.

L'addition

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Merci d'avance :)

Quelques mots sur le cuisto

C'est tout pour cette semaine !

Merci et bonne semaine,

Thomas